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Secret weapon of smart bacteria tracked to 'sweet tooth'(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Researchers have figured out how a once-defeated bacterium has re-emerged to infect cotton in a battle that could sour much of the Texas and US crop.And it boils down to this: A smart bacteria with a sweet tooth.
L.A. lawns lose lots of water: 70 billion gallons a year(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() In summer 2010, Los Angeles was losing about 100 gallons of water per person per day to the atmosphere through the evaporation and plant uptake of lawns and trees. Lawns accounted for 70 percent of the water loss, while trees accounted for 30 percent, ...
USDA invests $2.5 million in commodity board projects to support Ag industry(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced five grants totaling more than 2.5 million for agricultural research that is funded jointly with national or state commodity boards. The fun...
Grant to fund research of microplastics in Delaware Bay(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() University of Delaware researchers have received funding to study the distribution and concentration of microplastics in the Delaware Bay. This small debris can cause problems in the aquatic food chain. The UD team is hoping their findings can help gov...
To ensure constant food supply edible dormice rather give up their favorite food(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Edible dormice feed preferably on high-energy seeds for reproduction and putting on fat reserves. Beech trees, however, save energy by producing seeds only in certain years on a large scale. A long-term study by researchers from Vetmeduni Vienna has sh...
Tree-climbing goats disperse seeds by spitting(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Spanish ecologists have observed an unusual way in which treetop-grazing goats may be benefiting the trees: the goats spit out the trees' seeds. Miguel Delibes, Irene Castañeda, and José M Fedriani reported their discovery in the latest Natural His...
Helping plants pump iron(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Salk researchers identify genetic variants that help plants grow in low-iron environments, which could improve crop yields.
Newly published spinach genome will make more than Popeye stronger(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Today in Nature Communications, researchers from BTI and the Shanghai Normal University report a new draft genome of Spinacia oleracea, better known as spinach. Additionally, the authors have sequenced the transcriptomes (all the RNA) of 120 cultivated...
Where you grow what you grow(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new study looks at how three varieties of camelina perform when grown in two different regions within the Great Plains. The end goal is to find the camelina variety that performs best in each location or environment -- beyond the genetics involved.
How do blind cavefish find their way? The answer could be in their bones.(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Blind cavefish typically have skulls that bend slightly to the left. A study by UC suggests this orientation might help them find food as they navigate in a perpetual counter-clockwise direction around a cave.
Research in Los Angeles shows water loss(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() In the summer of 2010, Los Angeles lost about 100 gallons of water per person per day to the atmosphere through evaporation, mostly from overwatering of lawns and trees.
Scientists develop new device to overcome pig genome flaw(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Scientists at the University of Kent, working with colleagues from the genetics research industry, have developed a new genetic screening device and protocol that helps pig breeding.Through her work, Dr. Rebecca O'Connor in the School of Bioscience...
MSU doctor to help eradicate malaria in Malawi with $8.5 million grant(2017-05-24) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Terrie Taylor, Michigan State University Distinguished Professor of internal medicine and an osteopathic physician, will use a 7-year, 8.5 million federal grant to study why previous malaria prevention and eradication methods in Malawi Africa have been...
Better science faster(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Scientists at UCSB's NCEAS are transforming how complex marine data from the Ocean Health Index is synthesized, communicated and used for coastal management.
Oyster farming to benefit from new genetic screening tool(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Oyster farmers are set to benefit from a new genetic tool that will help to prevent disease outbreaks and improve yields. The technology -- developed by scientists at the University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute -- will enable hatcheries to rapid...
Crazy for ant eggs(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The 'yellow crazy ant' lays trophic eggs to provide nutrition to their larvae.
Fall calving season may yield higher returns for southeastern beef producers(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Using simulation models based on 19 years of data, University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture researchers determined that for Southeastern beef cattle producers the fall calving season, calving between mid-September and mid-November, was most pro...
Going with the flow: The forces that affect species' movements in a changing climate(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Scientists have developed a simple metric to capture the directional agreement between ocean currents and warming, revealing how ocean currents affect the range shift of marine biota in a changing climate.
Cryobank of biotechnological plant material has been opened in the Moscow State University(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The cryodepository of plant cell cultures and meristems was opened in the M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology. The cryobank is designed for 50 000 samples to be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor at a temperature of...
Scientists uncover dietary strategy to address obesity using component in red chili(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Scientists have discovered a dietary strategy that may address obesity by reducing endotoxemia, a major contributor to chronic, low-grade inflammation (CLGI). The researchers uncovered an interaction between dietary capsaicin (CAP), the major pungent c...
Whales only recently evolved into giants when changing ice, oceans concentrated prey(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A team of scientists have traced the evolution of whale size through more than 30 million years of history and found that very large whales appeared along several branches of the family tree about 2 to 3 million years ago. Increasing ice sheets in the ...
Research decoding the first deep-sea mussel genome published in Nature(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A joint research led by HKBU and HKUST has assembled the 1.64 gigabytes genome of a deep-sea mussel, which is roughly equivalent to 50 percent of the size of human genome. This is the first decoded genome among all deep-sea macrobenthic animals, reveal...
Food is not just the sum of its nutrients(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The nutritional value of a food should be evaluated on the basis of the foodstuff as a whole, and not as an effect of the individual nutrients. This is the conclusion of an international expert panel of epidemiologists, physicians, food and nutrition s...
'Pregnant' housefly males demonstrate the evolution of sex determination(2017-05-23) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() An international team headed up by researchers from the University of Zurich has discovered the gene that determines the male sex in houseflies. Surprisingly, the sex-determining mechanisms are not the same for all houseflies -- they depend on where th...
ESA announces the recipients of the 2016 Murray F. Buell and E. Lucy Braun Student Awards(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The Ecological Society of America recognizes Michael J.M. McTavish and Julienne E. NeSmith for outstanding student research presentations at the 101st Annual Meeting of the Society in Fort Lauderdale, Florida in August 2016. ESA will present the awards...
Micro delivery service for fertilizers(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Plants can absorb nutrients through their leaves as well as their roots. However, foliar fertilization over an extended period is difficult. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, German researchers have now introduced an efficient delivery system for micro...
Human-induced deforestation is causing an increase in malaria cases(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new study of 67 less-developed, malaria-endemic nations led by Lehigh University sociologist Dr. Kelly Austin, finds a link between deforestation and increasing malaria rates across developing nations.
Sunflower genome sequence to provide roadmap for more resilient crops(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() University of Georgia researchers are part of an international team that has published the first sunflower genome sequence. This new resource will assist future research programs using genetic tools to improve crop resilience and oil production.
Discovery of an alga's 'dictionary of genes' could lead to advances in biofuels, medicine(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A team of plant biologists and biochemists has produced a gold mine of data by sequencing the genome of a tiny, single-celled green alga that could be used as a source of sustainable biofuel and has health implications.
Research suggests eating beans instead of beef would sharply reduce greenhouse gasses(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() If Americans would eat beans instead of beef, the United States would immediately realize approximately 50 to 75 percent of its GHG reduction targets for the year 2020.
New journal provides next-generation research for sustainable plant productivity(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The American Phytopathological Society announces the first issue of Phytobiomes, an open-access, cross-disciplinary journal covering ecology, climatology, plant pathology, computational biology, genetics, agronomy, entomology, animal science, and many ...
Fat can neutralize listeria(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Certain fatty acids are not just part of a healthy diet. They can also neutralize the harmful listeria bacterium, a new study shows. This discovery could eventually lead to improved methods to combat dangerous and drug-resistant bacteria.
Wild geese in China are 'prisoners' in their own wetlands(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() In many places in the world, goose populations are booming as the birds have moved out of their wetland habitats to exploit an abundance of food on farmland. But, new evidence reported in Current Biology on May 22 confirms, that's not working so we...
Reduced US air pollution will boost rainfall in Africa's Sahel, says study(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Falling sulfur dioxide emissions in the United States are expected to substantially increase rainfall in Africa's semi-arid Sahel, while bringing slightly more rain to much of the US, according to a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research:...
Rethinking role of viruses in coral reef ecosystems(2017-05-22) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Viruses are thought to frequently kill their host bacteria, especially at high microbial density. A state called lysogeny, in which viruses lie dormant but don't kill their hosts, has been thought to be relatively rare , mostly occurring at low bac...
World Scientific's latest titles in agricultural transformation launched by Indian PM(2017-05-21) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() World Scientific's two-part book series entitled 'M.S. Swaminathan: The Quest for a World Without Hunger' was launched by Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, on May 19, 2017. Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Radha Mohan ...
A muffin a day might just keep the doctor away(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A food scientist has developed a healthy heart muffin recipe that builds on an earlier discovery by University of Queensland and the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Plant Cell Walls on how beta glucan fibre in oats can slow absorpti...
USDA announces $4.7 million to support university agricultural science programs(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 4.7 million in available funding to support agricultural science programs at non-land-grant universities. Funding is made through NIFA's...
ESF lists Top 10 new species for 2017(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A spider and an ant with names drawn from popular books, a pink katydid and an omnivorous rat made the College of Environmental Science and Forestry's list of the Top 10 New Species for 2017. Also listed: a freshwater stingray, a bush tomato that a...
Sequestering blue carbon through better management of coastal ecosystems(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Focusing on the management of carbon stores within vegetated coastal habitats provides an opportunity to mitigate some aspects of global warming.
Grant aimed at solving agricultural water issues through community engagement(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A group of institutions led by Penn State has received nearly 2.2 million for the first year of a planned four-year, 5 million project aimed at developing a model for engaging communities and stakeholders to ensure adequate supplies of good-quality wat...
Insects resist genetic methods to control disease spread, Indiana University study finds(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A study from Indiana University published May 19 in the journal Science Advances finds that insects possess a naturally occurring resistance to the use of gene-editing technology to prevent diseases such as malaria.
Iron deficiency restrains marine microbes(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Iron is a critical nutrient in the ocean. Its importance for algae and the nitrogen cycle has already been investigated in detail. Now a new discovery shows that microbes also need iron to process phosphorus. A team of researchers from the GEOMAR Helmh...
DFG to fund 15 new research training groups(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Topics range from malaria to contemporary literature. €66 million in funding for an initial four and a half years continues promotion of transferable skills.
Scientists identify two new proteins connected to plant development(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The discovery of two new proteins could lead to better ways to regulate plant structure and the ability to resist crop stresses such as drought, thus improving agriculture productivity.
Nutritional properties of mushrooms are better when grilled or microwaved(2017-05-19) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Culinary treatments (boiling, microwaving, grilling, and deep frying) influence on proximate composition and antioxidant capacity of most cultivated mushrooms worldwide. A study by Spanish researchers has shown that microwaving and grilling are the bes...
Antarctic has seen widespread change in last 50 years, moss study reveals(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() In 2013, researchers studying mosses and microbes growing at the southern end of the Antarctic Peninsula documented unprecedented ecological change over the last 50 years, driven by warming temperatures. Now, the same research group has confirmed that ...
Predators are real lowlifes(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() By deploying green clay caterpillar models across six continents, researchers unmasked an important global pattern. Their discovery that predation is most intense near sea level in the tropics provides a foundation for understanding biological processe...
Using seaweed to kill invasive ants(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Scientists at the University of California, Riverside have developed an inexpensive, biodegradable, seaweed-based ant bait that can help homeowners and farmers control invasive Argentine ant populations.
New coral reef fish species shows rare parental care behavior(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The vast majority of coral reef fish produce large numbers of young that disperse into the ocean as larvae, drifting with the currents before settling down on a reef. A few reef fish, however keep their broods on the reef, protecting the young until th...
Climate stabilization: Planting trees cannot replace cutting CO2 emissions(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Growing plants and then storing the CO2 they have taken up from the atmosphere is no viable option to counteract unmitigated emissions from fossil fuel burning, a new study shows. The plantations would need to be so large, they would eliminate most nat...
Research shows the impact of invasive plants can linger long after eradication(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new study featured in the journal Invasive Plant Science and Management shows the impact of weedy invaders can linger for years.
More data, user customization enhance global fishing watch platform in beta release 2.0(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Global Fishing Watch is releasing Beta 2.0. The interactive map of the world's commercial fishing activity now allows custom layers, downloadable reports, fishing vessels filtered by country, and public access without registration. This public data...
Star power(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() UCSB researchers participate in an intercampus project that probes a unique marine animal for insights into human vascular system.
Life in the Precambrian may have been much livelier than previously thought(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() An interdisciplinary study suggests that the strange creatures which lived in the Garden of the Ediacaran more than 540 million years ago before animals came on the scene may have been much more dynamic than experts have thought.
Deadly flower power? Imported tulip bulbs spread anti-fungal resistance(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Tulip and narcissus bulbs imported into Ireland from the Netherlands may be acting as vehicles for the international spread of a drug-resistant fungus -- with potentially fatal consequences. Experts advise people not to plant bulbs near hospitals or to...
How GMOs are, or are not, regulated (video)(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Though most scientists say GMOs are safe, the products still face fierce opposition from critics. But what about the federal agencies that can approve or shoot down modified crops headed for consumers? Where do they stand? The answer may surprise you. ...
Fake caterpillar study reveals global pattern in predation(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new Oxford University collaboration revealing the world's prime insect predation hotspots, achieved its landmark findings using an unusual aid: plasticine 'dummy caterpillars.'The new study published in Science has revealed a global patte...
Untangling the genetic legacy of tomato domestication(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Favorable mutations that went along with increased fruit size and other beneficial traits in tomato plants do not always play well together. A study published in Cell found that natural mutations in two important tomato genes that were selected for dif...
Fine-tuning dosage of mutant genes unleashes long-trapped yield potential in tomato plant(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A team of plant geneticists at CSHL demonstrates how bringing together beneficial traits in agricultural breeding can have negative consequences. They discover and dissect a case of negative epistasis in a variety of the tomato plant. But they also sho...
Water efficiency in rural areas is getting worse, even as it improves in urban centers(2017-05-18) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A nationwide analysis of water use over the past 30 years finds that there is a disconnect between rural and urban areas, with most urban areas becoming more water efficient and most rural areas becoming less and less efficient over time.
Study illuminates fate of marine carbon in last steps toward sequestration(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() New research explains how an ancient group of cells in the dark ocean wrings the last bit of energy from carbon molecules resistant to breakdown.
Beaver dams may buffer against temperatures that threaten sensitive species(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Both natural and artificial beaver dams may alter stream temperatures which may benefit temperature-sensitive salmonid species, according to a study published May 10, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Nicholas Weber from Eco-Logical Research,...
Myanmar's extensive forests are declining rapidly due to political and economic change(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The loss of intact forest cover in Myanmar has accelerated over the last decade, according to a study published May 17, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Peter Leimgruber from Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, United States of Ameri...
'Trojan fish': Invasive rabbitfish spread invasive species(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() For some time, unicellular benthic organisms from the Indo-Pacific have been spreading in the Mediterranean. An international team of scientists with the participation of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel has now found evidence that a...
Researchers track groundwater loss during drought in California's Central Valley(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new study by researchers from UCLA and the University of Houston reveals significant groundwater loss in California's Central Valley during the recent drought and sparks questions of sustainability for the important agricultural area.
Sowing new seeds of knowledge about the drivers of plant diversity(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A new study of Australian wildflower communities is improving understanding of how climatic stress controls plant diversity, based on the strategies different species use to survive, grow and reproduce."Plant diversity tends to be lower in more str...
USDA invests $7.4 million for research on food crops and animals(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced nine grants totaling 7.4 million for advanced research to develop more resilient and nutritious crops and food animals. The funding is mad...
Looking beyond the breeding grounds(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Monarch butterfly populations are shrinking. New research at Michigan State University, published in the current issue of the journal Ecography, makes a strong case that the reasons for this decline go far beyond what's happening on the wintering g...
How does the loss of species alter ecosystems?(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The iDiv Ecotron, a central experimental platform of the DFG Research Centre iDiv, was officially launched during a ceremony last Wednesday. Researchers will use this unique facility to better understand the consequences of species loss.
When birds of a feather poop together(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Algal blooms deplete oxygen in lakes, produce toxins, and end up killing aquatic life in the lake. Researchers are tracing the role of bird feces, which are rich in phosphorus and nitrogen.
Solving the mystery of the white oak(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Researchers from The Morton Arboretum and Duke University have solved a mystery that has long shrouded our understanding of white oaks: where did they come from?
Climate change refuge for corals discovered (and how we can protect it right now)(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() WCS scientists have discovered a refuge for corals where the environment protects otherwise sensitive species to the increasing severity of climate change.
How have European freshwater fish species changed over time?(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Over time, humans have contributed to the loss of native species and have introduced non-native species throughout Europe. A new analysis shows how European freshwater fish have changed profoundly since 1840. At the continental scale, the contemporary ...
USDA announces $2.8 million to strengthen rural communities through health education(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 2.8 million in available funding to health education projects for individuals and families living in rural areas. Funding is made through ...
Blue and purple corn: Not just for tortilla chips anymore(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Consumers today insist on all-natural everything, and food dyes are no exception. Even if food manufacturers are willing to make the change, current sources of natural dyes are expensive and hard to come by. Now, a large University of Illinois project ...
Exposure to BPA potentially induces permanent reprogramming of painted turtles' brains(2017-05-17) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() BPA is a chemical that is used in a variety of consumer products, such as food storage containers and water bottles. In previous studies, researchers at the University of Missouri, Westminster College and the Saint Louis Zoo, determined that BPA can di...
When water levitates (video)(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Have you ever seen a drop of water navigate a maze? This is possible thanks to the Leidenfrost effect, which also lets water droplets dance and skitter across a hot surface instead of boil away on the spot. Scientists are now using high-speed cameras t...
Regular coral larvae supply from neighboring reefs helps degraded reefs recover(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() For reefs facing huge challenges, more coral larvae doesn't necessarily translate to increased rates of coral recovery on degraded reefs, a new Queensland study has showed. The study, published today, was led by former University of Queensland Scho...
USDA invests $17.5 million for rural communities and a sustainable agriculture economy(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 47 grants totaling nearly 17.5 million to improve sustainable agriculture and help rural communities thrive. The funding is made possible th...
American chestnut rescue will succeed, but slower than expected(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The nearly century-old effort to employ selective breeding to rescue the American chestnut, which has been rendered functionally extinct by an introduced disease -- Chestnut blight, eventually will succeed, but it will take longer than many people expe...
Free range-eggs seen as tastier, more nutritious and safer, study finds(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() People choose to buy free-range or cage-free eggs because they believe they taste better and are better quality than eggs from caged hens, new research published today suggests.
Why did hunter-gatherers first begin farming?(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The beginnings of agriculture changed human history and has fascinated scientists for centuries. Researchers from the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures at the University of Sheffield have shed light on how hunter-gatherers first began farming and...
Study solves mystery of how plants use sunlight to tell time via cell protein signaling(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Researchers have solved a key mystery of how plants tell time, say scientists from Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Researchers learned a chemical bond in the protein Zeitlupe forms and breaks in reaction to sunlight at varying rates, signaling p...
'Narco-deforestation' study links loss of Central American tropical forests to cocaine(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Central American tropical forests are beginning to disappear at an alarming rate, threatening the livelihood of indigenous peoples there and endangering some of the most biologically diverse ecosystems in North America. The culprit? Cocaine.
Plants call 911 to help their neighbors(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() A University of Delaware professor teamed with a local high school student on research that found injured plants will send out warning signals to neighboring plants. The signals are sent through airborne chemicals released mainly from leaves. In the st...
Using genomics to fight deadly parasitic disease(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() An international team of researchers, led by University of New Mexico Associate Professor Coenraad Adema, is now one step closer to eliminating a deadly parasitic disease responsible for killing hundreds of thousands of people around the world every ye...
A tale of two sites(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Marine scientists determine how the larvae of a common coral species respond to environmental stresses in Taiwan and Moorea.
Cities need to 'green up' to reduce the impact of air pollution(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The harmful impact of urban air pollution could be combated by strategically placing low hedges along roads in a built-up environment of cities instead of taller trees, a new study has found.
Fishing can cause slowly reversible changes in gene expression(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Cohort after cohort, fishing typically removes large fish from the population and can lead to rapid evolutionary changes in exploited fish populations.
Extreme weather has greater impact on nature than expected -- researchers launch roadmap(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() An oystercatcher nest is washed away in a storm surge. Australian passerine birds die during a heatwave. A late frost in their breeding area kills off a group of American cliff swallows. Small tragedies that may seem unrelated, but point to the underly...
Researchers find conflicting effects of climate, vector behavior on spread of plant disease(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() To better understand the effects of climate change on agroecosystems, researchers Daugherty, Zeilinger, and Almeida conducted one of the first transdisciplinary studies on the effects of temperature change, leafhopper vector behavior, and the spread of...
Exeter researchers help protect Peru's river dolphins(2017-05-16) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() River dolphins and Amazonian manatees in Peru will benefit from new protection thanks to a plan developed with help from the University of Exeter.
No escaping ocean plastic: 37 million bits of litter on one of world's remotest islands(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The beaches of one of the world's most remote islands have been found to be polluted with the highest density of plastic debris reported anywhere on the planet, in a study published in the prestigious US scientific journal Proceedings of the Nation...
Migratory birds bumped off schedule as climate change shifts spring(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() New research shows climate change is altering the delicate seasonal clock that North American migratory songbirds rely on to successfully mate and raise healthy offspring, setting in motion a domino effect that could threaten the survival of many famil...
More genes turned on when plants compete(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Some people travel to northern California for wine. However, Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, treks to the Golden State for clover. The lessons of plant diversity and competition learned from a clover patch, which are featured ...
What could be the importance of marine and coastal cultural ecosystem services(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() Cultural ecosystem services reflect physical and cognitive interactions between humans and nature, and are increasingly recognised for providing experiences, capabilities and many other benefits to human societies. While oceans, seas, and coasts sustai...
Producing fertilizer from air could be five times as efficient(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() African farmers who are able to produce their own fertilizer from only air. Bhaskar S. Patil brings this prospect closer with a revolutionary reactor that coverts nitrogen from the atmosphere into NOx, the raw material for fertilizer. His method, in th...
A carnivorous plant's prized genetic treasures, unveiled(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() The carnivorous humped bladderwort plant, Utricularia gibba, is a sophisticated predator. It uses vacuum pressure to suck prey into tiny traps at speeds less than a millisecond. A new genomic analysis shows that, over millions of years, it repeatedly r...
How satellite data led to a breakthrough for Lake Erie toxic algal blooms(2017-05-15) [来源: http://www.eurekalert.org]
() With the growing frequency and magnitude of toxic freshwater algal blooms becoming an increasingly worrisome public health concern, Carnegie scientists Jeff Ho and Anna Michalak, along with colleagues, have made new advances in understanding the driver...



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